softschools com timelines alexander graham bell
Littlejohn, A. (2013).
Facts about Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone.
Stuff4kids website. Retrieved 21:27 Nov 16, 2014
Gordon, J. S. (1991)
The Birth of Telecommunication
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, The History website. Retrieved 21:27 Nov 16, 2014
In-text: (Shultz, 2017)
Your Bibliography: Leiner, B., Cerf, V., Clark, D., Kahn, R., Kleinrock, L., Lynch, D., Postel, J., Roberts, L. and Wolff, S., 2017. Brief History Of The Internet – Internet Timeline | Internet Society. [online] Internetsociety.org. Available at: [Accessed 16 March 2017].
The Gilded Age ,a term by Mark Twain, represented an era of many problems covered by a thin layer of gold gilding. This era was during the late 1800’s to early 1900’s. On the outside America seemed like a place for opportunities and success, but really many people were struggling to survive. To begin, this age brought many immigrants from all over the world. many people left their home countries because of economy problems, bad governments, and crime. Angel Island and Ellis Island were two main immigration stations in the US. In addition, the American wages were greater than Europe’s wages which also attracted many people to America .Factories had numerous amounts of workers which helped in mass production. America was filled with new cultures, languages, and religions. The US had become a melting pot. Next, many astonishing inventions were created during this time period. In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell, a Scottish scientist, invented the telephone. People could now communicate from far distances to anybody. He was the first to patent the telephone in the U.S. The number of people telephone’s grew as the years passed on. In today’s world we need our phones to function every day.Thomas Edison invented the lightbulb in 1879. The lightbulb allowed workers to work later. The lightbulbs were also safer and cheaper than kerosene lamps. If a kerosene lamp was to fall a whole city could burn down.Edison had proved himself to be one of the greatest inventors of the time. The single line telegraph and the Morse Code are both inventions of Samuel Morse. The telegraph worked for long distance communication. Electrical signs were sent over wires to different stations. The morse code helped send long messages. A dot or a dash meant a specific letter.The telephone replaced the telegraph. Lastly, America had become a great industrial power. Andrew Carnegie also known as the prince of steel helped America become an industrial power. Carnegie found a cheaper, easier way to make steel. He opened mills and began the mass production of steel.. The steel helped built the skyscrapers, railroads, and buildings. Carnegie was the superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad which allowed him transport steel all over the country. Inventions also helped America’s industrial power. These inventions helped make work easier and faster. The inventions also created more industry which resulted in urbanization. Finally, Different types of transportation emerged during this age. Transportation is important because of the west expansion. Water transportation was the cheapest way of transport. Turnpikes and canals were created to make travel easier. In conclusion the Gilded Age was a time of growth and opportunity.
The Gilded Age was a time of growth and prosperity but underneath that there were many serious problems. The poor stay poor, but the rich got richer. To begin, many of the workers worked in sweatshops. Sweatshops were factories in which workers worked in unsafe working conditions for long hours with only little wage. There were mainly sweatshops in the clothing industry. Workers had to finish all their work by the work time or else they would have to work overtime. The wage depended on how fast you work. Many of the workers worked very hard, so they would not be fired. Next, child labor was very common during these times. There were no laws against child labor. Education was not a regulation then. Many kids went into work because their parents wages were not enough to support the family.750,000 children under 15 were working in 1870. The factory workers liked children because they were small and they could reach small, narrow places. The children were treated like adults. The factories were very dangerous. Many people who could not read English did not see the instructions for the machines. There were as many as 1 million injuries per year. Lastly, the living conditions in the city were horrible. There was always trash and animal droppings on the street. The sewage systems did not work. The drinking water wasn’t clean. The tenements in the slums were crowded and unclean. Many diseases were passed because of the unsanitary living conditions such as cholera, yellow- fever, and tuberculosis. Crime was also a major problem. People in poverty usually do crimes to support their family or themselves. Vices such as drugs, alcohol, and gambling were common. Underneath the thin gold, poverty, crime, and hardship is what was there. In conclusion, for some people this was an age of prosperity, but for the others this age represented hard work and injustice.
Since the development of the television many communication researchers have identified theories surrounding the ideas of how we, the general public, conceive this median and apply it to the way live and even more so the way we think. Closely related to the mean world syndrome, Cultivation theory, developed by professor of communication George Gerbner and philosopher of communication theory and a public intellectual Herbert Marshall Mcluhan explains how the long-term effects of watching television could lead one to believe what is displayed to them on television is also the real world.
The television is the most commonly used telecommunication medium. According to http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/average-american-watches-5-hours-tv-day-article-1.1711954 reports shows that the average american watches 5 hours of Television per day. It is safe to say that few inventions have had as dramatic of an effect on society as television. But where did this device come from? In 1929 Philo Taylor Farnsworth, at the age of 21 was known as the farm boy who invented a device known as the kinescope. This cathode-ray tube scanned images with a beam of electrons which is now considered the direct ancestor of the television, according to https://www.nyu.edu/classes/stephens/History%20of%20Television%20page.htm. But, as intelligent as Farnsworth was this young innovator did not come with the idea on his own. He owes much of his success to the many scientist before him.
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