major events in 1971
Daniel Ellsberg, a government consultant, gained access to some of the classified documents and leaked them to the New York Times in June of 1971. The reports revealed many large scale attacks that the U.S. public were not aware of, causing many U.S. citizens to lose trust in the United States government. The general feeling was that the United States government had misled the public and withheld the truth.
The information in these documents also added to the already growing unpopularity of the Vietnam War and only increased anti-war sentiments. In June of 2011 the Pentagon Papers were fully declassified and released to the public for the first time.
Apr 9 Charles Manson is sentenced to death.
Mar 8 In Turkey, four United States airmen are freed unharmed after five days in the hands of leftist kidnappers.
Announcer: And so it was in 1971, a year of changes.
Announcer: 1971 was a year of changes, changes that may have set the course for the reminder of the decade; changes: war in Pakistan, Red China and the United Nations.
Jan 20 Single “What’s Going On” by Marvin Gaye about police brutality is released
Jan 25 Philadelphia mint’s 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar
1971 Mar 8, Radio Hanoi broadcast Jimi Hendrix’s “Star Spangled Banner.”
1971 Mar 8, Joe Frazier fought Muhammad Ali for the heavyweight championship at Madison Square Garden. Frazier won. They fought rematches in 1974 and 1975. In 2001 Mark Kram authored “Ghosts of Manila,” and account of the Frazier-Ali boxing matches.
(WSJ, 5/25/01, p.W8)(http://espn.go.com/classic/s/silver_ali_frazier.html)
1971 Mar 8, Pres. Nixon expressed his bigotry against women, blacks and Mexicans and Italians on tape recordings that were only made public in 1998.
(SFEC, 12/27/98, p.a15)
1971 Mar 8, Catholic radicals in Media, Pa., broke into the local FBI offices and stole documents that revealed the agencyпїЅs illegal activities against radical groups and leaked them to the media. In 2014 Betty Medsger authored пїЅThe Burglary: The Discovery of J. Edgar HooverпїЅs Secret FBI.” Prof. John Raines (1933-2017) and his wife Bonnie were among the eight antiwar activists who took part in the burglary.
(SFEC, 2/16/97, BR p.8)(SSFC, 1/12/14, p.F1)(SSFC, 11/19/17, p.C9)
1971 Mar 8, Harold Lloyd (b.1893), US comic, actor (Why Worry), died of cancer. Lloyd, an avid 3-D photographer, left behind a large collection that included thousands of nude women as subjects. In 2004 granddaughter Suzanne Lloyd published пїЅHollywood Nudes in 3-D.”
(www.haroldlloyd.us/articles/biog3.htm)(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.M1)
1971 Mar 8, Joe Frazier fought Muhammad Ali for the heavyweight championship. Frazier won. They fought rematches in 1974 and 1975. In 2001 Mark Kram authored “Ghosts of Manila,” and account of the Frazier-Ali boxing matches.
(WSJ, 5/25/01, p.W8)
1971 Apr 3, Manfred Bennington Lee (65), detective writer, died. Brooklyn cousins Daniel Nathan, alias Frederic Dannay (1905-1982) and Manford Lepofsky, alias Manfred Bennington Lee (b.1905), used Ellery Queen as both a fictional character and a pseudonym.
1971 Apr 3, Joseph Valachi (b.1903), US gangster, died at La Tuna Federal Correctional Institution in Texas. A biography heavily influenced by ValachiпїЅs memoirs and by interviews with Valachi was written by journalist Peter Maas and published in 1968 as The Valachi Papers.