1967 war timeline
A second major conflict known as the Suez Crisis erupted in 1956, when Israel, the United Kingdom and France staged a controversial attack on Egypt in response to Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s nationalization of the Suez Canal.
A series of border disputes were the major spark for the Six-Day War. By the mid-1960s, Syrian-backed Palestinian guerillas had begun staging attacks across the Israeli border, provoking reprisal raids from the Israel Defense Forces.
Jordan and Iraq attempt airstrikes against Tel Aviv. Jordan also begins artillery fire against the city.
Fighting continues on the border of Golan.
The Six-Day War also marked the start of a new phase in the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, since the conflict created hundreds of thousands of refugees and brought more than one million Palestinians in the occupied territories under Israeli rule. Months after the war, in November, the United Nations passed UN Resolution 242, which called for Israel’s withdrawal from the territories it had captured in the war in exchange for lasting peace. That resolution became the basis for diplomatic efforts between Israel and its neighbours, including the Camp David Accords with Egypt and the push for a two-state solution with the Palestinians.
Egyptian Pres. Gamal Abdel Nasser had previously come under sharp criticism for his failure to aid Syria and Jordan against Israel; he had also been accused of hiding behind the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) stationed at Egypt’s border with Israel in the Sinai. Now, however, he moved to unambiguously demonstrate support for Syria: on May 14, 1967, Nasser mobilized Egyptian forces in the Sinai; on May 18 he formally requested the removal of the UNEF stationed there; and on May 22 he closed the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, thus instituting an effective blockade of the port city of Elat in southern Israel. On May 30, King Hussein of Jordan arrived in Cairo to sign a mutual defense pact with Egypt, placing Jordanian forces under Egyptian command; shortly thereafter, Iraq too joined the alliance.
U Thant’s decision was still provoking great unease within the UN, as reported by The Times: “Quite a few countries feel that the force should not have been withdrawn and virtually disbanded so suddenly at the behest of the United Arab Republic without allowing the United Nations General Assembly, which authorized its coming into existence, to discuss the matter…efforts (are) being made to see if some alternative basis for securing the Israel-Egyptian border…Most European and American countries and also a fair number of Asian and African countries, would welcome some such “salvage” operation. It would be resisted and rejected by the communist block, which has in the past consistently espoused the Arab case against Israel…Brazil and Canada (members of the Security Council) have contributed contingents to the Emergency Force (and) are believed to have argued against its withdrawal.
Eshkol also advised the leading maritime powers: “Israel would stop at nothing to cancel the blockade. It is essential that President Nasser should not have any illusions.”
Israel claims the Gaza Strip.
Egyptian cities of Ras el Naqeb and Jebel Libni are conquered by Israel. Jordanian forces are ordered to retreat from the West Bank